Burkina Faso. According to
CountryAAH, the wave of violence that began after the
fall of President Blaise Compaore's 2014 only seemed to grow
in strength and the number of casualties since then
increased to at least 600 in 2019. noticeable effect. Later
that month, President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré dismissed
the country's army chief and a week later the entire
government resigned, without explaining the reason. New
Prime Minister became Christophe Dabiré, who held several
ministerial posts in the 1990s.
Every month there were reports of attacks in various
parts of the country in which dozens of people were often
killed. Most of the suspects were carried out by jihadists,
ie Islamist armed groups, and the victims were predominantly
civilians. The widespread violence caused concern that
ethnic-based violence would increase in the country.
In March, it was reported that more than 1,000 of almost
2,900 schools were forced to close in three of the most
violent regions. Other schools remained open but were empty
because the parents kept the children at home for fear of
attacks. Schools and teachers have become a common target
for Islamists who oppose what is known as Western education.
At the end of April, the first attack against a Christian
church was also carried out since 2015 when a Protestant
church was attacked. The deed was followed a few weeks later
by another, this time against a Catholic church. Mosques
were also subjected to deadly attacks. In September, it was
reported that a total of more than 100 medical facilities
were attacked and that the wave of violence drove about
300,000 people into flight. Already in February, over one
million people were estimated to be in need of relief.
On Christmas Eve, two days of national grief were
announced after seven soldiers and 35 civilians, most of
them women, were killed in a military posting in the
northern part of the country. At the same time, more than 80
rebels must have been killed. During the year, the military
carried out several actions against what were said to be
terrorists. However, according to the Burkina human rights
organization MBDHP, government forces committed abuses in
the form of extrajudicial executions. Similar accusations
have previously come from the international human rights
organization Human Rights Watch. In July, the state of
emergency was extended to January 2020. France has become
increasingly involved in the country and French special
forces carried out several actions, causing dissatisfaction
among parts of the population. The difficult economic
situation and the government's inability to cope with the
widespread violence also led to criticism. Demonstrations in
the capital Ouagadougou were conducted in September despite
the government's ban. The protesters met with tear gas.
In September a meeting was held in Ouagadougou with
representatives of the 15 countries of the West African
cooperation organization ECOWAS as well as the presidents of
Mauritania and Chad. According to the organization's leader,
the Ivorian Jean-Claude Kassi Brou, jihadists had carried
out 2,200 attacks since 2015, costing a total of 11,500
people's lives in the region. The countries agreed to
jointly invest $ 1 billion over four years to curb Islamist
Among the positives that happened in the country during
the year include Africa's largest film festival, Fespaco.
The festival, held every two years in Ouagadougou, turned 50
and attracted around 100,000 visitors.
At the Doha Athletics World Cup in Qatar, Fabrice Zango
took Burkina Faso's first World Championships in athletics
when he took the bronze in the three-stage.