Chad. At the New Year, President Idriss Déby promised
general elections in the first half of the year. It would be
the first time since 2011, but once again the choice for the
future was postponed.
CountryAAH, Israeli Prime Minister visited Chad and Déby in January,
and the countries decided to reestablish diplomatic
relations that had been broken since 1967. Both emphasized a
common interest in combating militant extremism and
terrorism. Israel has reportedly provided Chad's army with
weapons and equipment to fight the rebels who strained
resources in one of the world's poorest countries. Chad's
army is now one of the strongest in the region. Ten Chadian
UN soldiers were killed in January in an attack against a UN
base in Mali.
In February, a convoy of armed rebels broke into Libya's
Chad, but was repulsed by French fighter aircraft at the
request of Chad. According to the army, over 260 rebels were
taken prisoner after the flight attack. The Chadian rebel
alliance UFR had built up its strength in southern Libya and
swore to overthrow Déby. France has an anti-terrorist force
in N'Djamena, where the US also has a base.
In March, at least 23 Chadian soldiers were killed by the
Boko Haram terror group, which is said to cross the Niger
border. In a new attack by Boko Haram in April, at least
seven soldiers were killed. According to the military, over
60 attackers died in the fighting.
Boko Haram wants to establish an Islamic caliphate in the
region and is fought by the G5 Sahel anti-terror force,
where Chad's military bears the greatest responsibility.
Neighboring countries also participate.
Chad was also plagued by ethnic strife, and more than 35
people were killed in eastern Chad in violence between
nomadic shepherds and indigenous peasants. According to the
regime, it is a battle for land and water as the population
grows and the drought threatens vegetation.
About 40 million people live in the countries around Lake
Chad, where irregular rain and warmer climates have led to
food shortages and over two million have left their homes
because of terror. A German research report found that the
conflicts around Lake Chad cannot be resolved militarily,
but the population must be helped to manage climate change.
Outbreaks of measles threatened almost the whole of Chad
during the year, with only one-third of children vaccinated.
In May, more than 14,000 people were affected and at least
164 died from the disease since the outbreak the year
This year's Global Childhood Report from Save the
Children showed that Chad has the world's highest child
mortality. Over 12% of children die before the age of five.
About half of the children in the country do not go to
school but have to work. Child marriage is common, and Chad
has the third highest proportion of teenage pregnancies in
Chadian rebel leader General Mahamat Nouri was arrested
in June in France on charges of crimes against humanity. He
was former Minister of Idriss Déby, but joined the Armed
Opposition in 2006.
In August, new ethnic struggles broke out with over 50
casualties. An emergency was introduced in two regions, and
the regime deployed military.
About 30 people were killed in a landslide in an illegal
gold mine in the Tibetan region since the mine collapsed.
More people were feared to have been buried under the
masses. There is a lot of illegal mining work, including
with refugees from Sudan.
The rebels who were captured in February were sentenced
in August to long prison sentences. Twelve were sentenced to
20 years in prison, and 231 people were sentenced to between
ten and 14 years accused of terrorist offenses.
In December, at least 14 people were killed when Boko
Haram attacked a fishing village on Lake Chad. After the
attack, 13 people were missing.