Ecuador. Violent protests erupted after President Lenín
Moreno announced in early October that subsidies on fuel
prices would be removed. Initially, the transport workers'
union was protesting, but the protests were soon dominated
by the indigenous people's umbrella organization Conaie. The
riots lasted for 12 days with eight casualties, more than
1,500 injured and just over 1,000 people arrested as a
result. Moreno declared a 60-day state of emergency and took
refuge in the port city of Guayaquil. After mediation by the
UN and the Catholic Church, the decision was withdrawn and
protests ebbed. The decision was intended to save the
Treasury $ 1.4 billion per year and was initially part of an
agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and a
condition for obtaining a loan of $ 4.2 billion from it. In
the aftermath of the protests, several supporters were
apprehended by former President Rafael Correa (2007-17), who
was accused of exploiting the unrest to stage a coup to
regain power. At the end of November, President Moreno tried
to push through a new reform package with, among other
things, raised taxes of the equivalent of $ 700 million, but
it was stopped by the opposition in Congress.
On April 11, President Moreno decided to withdraw the
political asylum granted by former President Correa to
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, who has been at Ecuador's
Embassy in London for almost seven years. Assange was
immediately arrested by British police. The case quickly
became a political explosive in Ecuador and Correa attacked
Moreno and criticized him for cowardice.
CountryAAH, the government coalition Alianza País (AP) lost big in
the municipal elections held on March 24. AP lost in eight
of the ten municipalities they won in the 2014 election and
failed to win in any of the country's three largest cities.
A supporter of President Correa won in Quito, and also in
Guayaquil and Cuenca won candidates from the opposition.
Ecuador - Quito
Quito, capital of Ecuador; 1. 6 million residents (2010). Quito, located 2
850 meters above sea level. in the Andes, is the country's political and
cultural center, but also a significant industrial city with the manufacture of
textiles, consumer goods and handicraft products. Like other Latin American
cities, Quito has grown strongly and has a large poor population living in slums
in the center or in townships on the periphery of the city. The center of Quito,
with its churches and monasteries in the Baroque style, traces the Spanish
The oldest city center was declared in 1979 by UNESCO as part of the World
Cultural Heritage. Important memorials are besides the cathedral (inaugurated in
1572 and later remodels), the Jesuit church of La Compañia (1605–1765) and the
church of the monastery of La Merced (1700–34).
Originally the center of the kingdom of Quitu, Quito was the
principal place of the cara people in the 11th century. The city was
incorporated in the Incarriage in 1487 and conquered in 1534 by the Spanish
Sebastián de Benalcázar, who named it San Francisco de Quito. The
following year, the Franciscan Order established a monastic school for sacred
art, which together with the university (founded in 1769) contributed to Quito's
status as one of Latin America's foremost cultural cities.