Mali. On the first day of the year, 37 people were killed
in a village in the Mopti region of central Mali. According
to UN data, hunters from the Dogon population that attacked
the villagers belonged to the livestock breeding fulani. The
conflict, which already took place in 2018, concerns access
to water and grazing. In March, another massacre was carried
out at Fulani in the area. At least 160 people lost their
lives. Among the dead, as was the case in January, there
were many women and children. Most of the houses in the
village were burnt down. The violence continued later in the
year. In June, 35 people were killed by the dog when their
village was attacked. The conflicts have worsened in recent
years since Fulani-dominated jihadist movements began
operations in the region with several hundred deaths from
spring 2018. At least 150 children were killed in the first
half of 2019.
CountryAAH, Cissé took office as prime minister in mid-April. A few
days earlier, the then Prime Minister Soumeylou Boubèye
Maïga and his government had resigned when Maïga risked
being cast in a vote of no confidence in Parliament.
Confidence in the government fell after the Mopti massacre.
Tens of thousands of people demonstrated in Bamako demanding
that the violence be stopped. Before being appointed new
head of government, Boubou Cissé was Minister of Finance.
As in several neighboring countries, militant Islamists
continued to pose a major threat in Mali. In September, at
least 40 government soldiers were killed in attacks against
two military facilities. A group that in English calls
itself Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) assumed
responsibility for the deed. Earlier in the month, 17
countries (the 15 members of the West African cooperation
organization ECOWAS and Mauritania and Chad) agreed to
jointly invest the equivalent of US $ 1 billion to fight the
Islamist militia. The decision was made at a meeting in
Burkina Faso's capital Ouagadougou. Following the attack on
the army bases, the military launched an offensive in the
area in collaboration with Burkina Faso's armed forces and
French troops. In November, the Islamic State (IS) said it
was behind an attack against an army posting in eastern
Mali, near the Niger border.