Mauritius. In February, the International Court of
Justice in The Hague (ICJ) published an advisory opinion on
the issue of the Chagos Islands, located south of the
Maldives in the Indian Ocean and constituting the British
overseas territory of the British Indian Ocean Territory. The Court recommended that Britain return control of the
archipelago to Mauritius. According to Mauritius, the UK
forced the islands as a condition for Mauritius to become
independent, a claim that is contested from the British.
population of the Chagos Islands was forced to move in the
early 1970s, and on the island of Diego Garcia a military
base was built for US and British forces. The British
authorities have for many years refused the island group's
population to return. According to the British Foreign
Ministry, the base is still important for world security.
In November, parliamentary elections were held. Won made
the Mauritian Alliance, which is dominated by the Militant
Socialist movement. This party is led by Pravind Jugnauth,
Prime Minister since 2017. The party received 38 of 62 seats
against 13 seats for the National Alliance and 9 seats for
Mauritius militant movement. The remaining two seats,
reserved for representatives of the smaller island of
Rodrigues, went to the Rodrigues People's Organization. In
the new government that took office in mid-November, Prime
Minister Jugnauth dropped the post of finance minister but
retained control over defense and home affairs.
In early December, the former Minister of Culture Pradeep
Roopun appointed a new president. Just over a week earlier,
Paramavisum Pillay Vyapoory had resigned. He took over as
acting president when Ameenah Gurib-Fakim was forced to
resign in 2018.