Anglo-Saxon America consists of Canada and the United States, countries that
stand out for their high development.
Anglo-Saxon America is a region of the American continent formed by the
United States and Canada. Although the term
“Anglo-Saxon” refers to countries that have English as their official language,
only the United States and Canada are considered part of this regionalization,
since the unifying element is not the language, but the economic and
socio-cultural characteristics. As the United States and Canada are the only
developed countries in America and establish many relations between them, it was
agreed to group them in a single region. The rest of the continent's countries
are part of Latin America, where underdevelopment and economic
Unlike Latin America, where Spanish and Portuguese
colonization of the type of exploitation predominated, the United States and
Canada were colonized by France (part of Canada) and, mainly, by England, which
developed a different colonization model than occurred in other countries.
countries of America. In the so-called settlement colonization,
which took place in these two nations, the metropolises encouraged the permanent
settlement and development of the colony, as they believed that the more
developed the colony, the greater their profit. Thus, large population groups
migrated from Europe, driven mainly by the social, economic and religious
problems of their country of origin and the great expectation of prosperity in
this new land.
As these migrants had the intention of building a “new world”, a “new
Europe”, it was necessary to create a series of infrastructures that would allow
Europeans to live with a quality of life similar to that they had in Europe. As
a result, the colonial period in the United States and Canada was marked by
great commercial and manufacturing economic development. Although part of the
profit from economic activities went to the colonizers, another part of that
money was invested in the development of the colony itself, with the creation of
roads, cities and the development of manufactures and production techniques that
would guarantee a gradual increase in productivity.
The development of these infrastructures was fundamental to guarantee the
political and economic autonomy of these countries after their independence,
since, as they had an advanced economic and manufacturing development, these two
countries had no difficulties to enter the world imperialist logic and to
industrialize without depend on foreign capital or technology. As a result,
these two nations developed rapidly, becoming great economic and military
Currently, with a GDP of around 17 trillion dollars, the United States is the
largest economic and military power in the world, exerting a great influence in
most countries on the globe, mainly in Latin America. Canada now ranks 10th in
the ranking of the world's largest economic powers, with a GDP of almost 2
trillion dollars. The economy of the two countries that make up Anglo-Saxon
America is based mainly on the development of industrial activities, with the
use of a lot of technology, highly competitive and diversified, and in the
services sector, mainly commerce, banks and tourism.
In some areas of the United States and Canada (in the great plains and in the
US state of California), the primary sector is also strong. The United States
stands out for its agricultural products, such as the highly industrialized
production of wheat, corn and cotton, as well as the creation of pigs and
cattle. Canada, on the other hand, due to the very cold climate of much of its
territory, finds it difficult to produce agricultural products. Its production
in the primary sector derives mainly from mineral extraction.
Due to the high degree of economic development in these countries, the
standard of living of the population in Anglo-Saxon America is high. Together,
the two powers have about 353 million inhabitants. Life expectancy is high,
about 78¹ years in the United States and 81 years in Canada. Education levels
are good, as about 99% of the Canadian and North American population is
literate, and the average years of study is 12.4 years in the United States and
11.5 years in Canada. Health investments exceed 17% of these countries' GDP. In
addition, the American and Canadian labor force, due to the strong pressure from
society, in most cases, is well paid.
Central America's relationship with the United States
Ever since the Spaniards returned home, the United States has wanted to have
a finger in the game in Central America's politics and economy. According to
US trade barons established fruit orchards in many Central American countries
and the US presence contributed in many places to stability and development.
However, the Fruit Lords knew how to pay for their efforts and the term banana
republic originated from the great power of the North American plantation owners
in the countries. Ever since the end of the Second World War, the Central
American countries have been trying to limit US power. However, the North
American big brother is still the highest in the area and has interfered with
both political problems and guerrilla warfare, which together with a limiting
economy have kept many of the countries in a quagmire for many decades.