Peru. The long political struggle between President
Martín Vizcarra and Congress finally came to a decision
during five tense days at the end of September. Vizcarra
had, in a TV speech, already proposed at the end of July
with a year of elections that should have actually been held
in April 2021. The intention was to renew the composition of
Congress, where a majority has stopped almost all
anti-corruption legislation, especially the right-wing
People's Force (FP). On September 27, Vizcarra threatened to
dissolve the Congress itself if it did not accept a vote to
change the rules for appointing the Constitutional Court
members, hitherto appointed by Congress. One-third of
congressmen accepted Vizcarra's proposal, while the rest
declared him unfit for president and suspended him from the
presidential post for twelve months. According to
CountryAAH, Vice President Mercedes Aráoz temporarily took over the post. Congress finally
decided to follow Vizcarra's line and advance the elections
to January 26, 2020.
Opinion polls showed that Vizcarra had popular support
for its campaign and had good chances of winning the
election. In October, 85% of those polled supported his
decision to dissolve Congress and his popularity increased
from 52% to 82% in just one month. At the same time, the
opposition party FP was greatly weakened. The party is
strongly linked to the corruption scandal surrounding
Brazilian construction company Odebrecht, and party leader
Keiko Fujimori himself is in jail, convicted of corruption.
A shocking event was former President Alan Garcías
(1985–1990, 2006–1) suicide on April 17. He was also charged
with involvement in the Odebrecht scandal and was to be
arrested by police in his Lima home when he shot himself in
the head. Three days of mourning were announced.
In the Arequipa region in the southeast, a major strike
broke out in July in protest of President Vizcarra's
decision to proceed with copper mining around the "Tía
María" deposit, which was already the subject of major
protests in 2015. The protest movement wanted the project to
be shut down forever while the government insisted that it
would generate large financial income.
Lima, the capital of Peru; 9.75 million input (2016). Lima holds over a
1/4 of the country's population and is its absolute economic
center. The city is growing rapidly and large sections of the population are
living in poverty. All major companies have their headquarters in the city,
which is at the same time the center of government administration, education and
culture and communication.
It almost never rains in Lima, which is in the Peruvian coastal desert, and
plant growth depends largely on the misty mist, Garúa, which covers the city
from April to December.
Despite several earthquakes, many original houses are preserved in the old
city center, which is built in Moorish-Spanish style with long, straight streets
and many open spaces. In the center are also countless churches and monasteries;
the oldest church, La Merced, was built in 1535 and rebuilt after the earthquake
in 1746. The University of San Marcos of 1551 is the oldest in South America.
Lima is closely linked to its port city, Callao, where also the international
airport, Jorge Chávez, is located.
A large part of Peru's industrial enterprises are located along the road
between Lima and Callao, including very large chemical factories, automobile
factories and other metal industries, but also smaller companies manufacturing
consumer goods, textiles and food. Many do license production on the basis of
Department of Lima, 33,821 km2, approximately 7.8 million inb. (2005),
agricultural production (cereals, fruits, vegetables) for the capital's large
The city was founded under the name Ciudad de los Reyes in 1535 by the
Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, whose earthly remains are stored in the
cathedral (begun 1564). Despite the not very inviting coastal climate, the
Spaniards wanted a colonial capital near the sea, so that contact with the other
Spanish possessions and the mother country was eased.
The city, which was built at Río Rimac approximately 15 km from the coast, Cuzco
succeeded as Peru's administrative center, and until independence Lima was the
seat of the Spanish Viceroys and the most important city in South America.
In the first half of the 1800-t. the city began to grow, but it wasn't until
about 1920 when it had fewer than 200,000 residents that the development
really took off. Today, Lima extends all the way to the coast, where the
commercial centers and wealthy neighborhoods are located. Miraflores.
The migration of poor people from the highlands has exploded, and 2-4
million. of the residents live in the slums, the so-called pueblos jóvenes,
which surround Lima.
From the 1980's to the early 1990's, the city was particularly troubled by the
activities of the luminous path terrorist movement, and from 1996-97 the
Japanese embassy hit a four-month hostage deal, which ended when the hostages
from the MRTA (Movimento Revolucionario Tupac Amaru) hostage was defeated and
killed by the Peruvian military.