Rwanda. According to
CountryAAH, the country marked the 25th anniversary of the
genocide where approximately 800,000 people were killed,
most of them from the Tutsi population. At a ceremony on
April 7, the European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and his counterpart in the African Union (AU),
Moussa Faki Mahamat, attended.
French President Emmanuel Macron was invited, but sent
Rwandan-born French MP Hervé Berville, who survived the
genocide. Macron appointed a commission to investigate
French archives on the role of France between 1990 and 1994.
It was seen as an attempt to improve ties with Rwanda, which
accused French officials of aiding the 1994 genocide.
In April, Svea Court of Appeal set a life sentence for a
50-year-old Rwandan-born Swedish citizen for, among other
things, genocide in 1994. The case is the third that Sweden
President Paul Kagame and Uganda's Yoweri Museveni agreed
in August to normalize relations and not hinder border
crossings after several months of tension.
In November, Kagame appointed Vincent Biruta as Foreign
Minister. The veteran politician has held several
ministerial posts and belongs to the small Social Democratic
Party (PSD) supporting Kagames Rwanda's Patriotic Front
Opposition politician Victoire Ingabire, who tried to
challenge Kagame in the presidential election, announced in
November that she had formed the Development and Freedom
Party for All (Dalfa Umurunzi). She leaves her former party,
FDU-Inkingi, which is not registered. In October, she was
asked about alleged involvement in an attack in northern
Rwanda where 14 civilians were killed.
In September, 66 African migrants arrived stranded in
Libya. Rwanda has promised to welcome up to 30,000 migrants
under an agreement with the UN refugee agency UNHCR and the
The International Monetary Fund estimated that growth
would remain around 8% over the next two, three years,
strengthened by, among other things, public investment.
Save the Children praised Rwanda for advances in
children's health since 2000. The number of children dying
before the age of 5 has decreased by 79%. More children
attend school and fewer marry before the age of 18,
according to the Global Childhood Report.