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Yearbook 2019

Rwanda. According to CountryAAH, the country marked the 25th anniversary of the genocide where approximately 800,000 people were killed, most of them from the Tutsi population. At a ceremony on April 7, the European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and his counterpart in the African Union (AU), Moussa Faki Mahamat, attended.

2019 Rwanda

French President Emmanuel Macron was invited, but sent Rwandan-born French MP Hervé Berville, who survived the genocide. Macron appointed a commission to investigate French archives on the role of France between 1990 and 1994. It was seen as an attempt to improve ties with Rwanda, which accused French officials of aiding the 1994 genocide.

In April, Svea Court of Appeal set a life sentence for a 50-year-old Rwandan-born Swedish citizen for, among other things, genocide in 1994. The case is the third that Sweden has tried.

President Paul Kagame and Uganda's Yoweri Museveni agreed in August to normalize relations and not hinder border crossings after several months of tension.

In November, Kagame appointed Vincent Biruta as Foreign Minister. The veteran politician has held several ministerial posts and belongs to the small Social Democratic Party (PSD) supporting Kagames Rwanda's Patriotic Front (FPR).

Opposition politician Victoire Ingabire, who tried to challenge Kagame in the presidential election, announced in November that she had formed the Development and Freedom Party for All (Dalfa Umurunzi). She leaves her former party, FDU-Inkingi, which is not registered. In October, she was asked about alleged involvement in an attack in northern Rwanda where 14 civilians were killed.

In September, 66 African migrants arrived stranded in Libya. Rwanda has promised to welcome up to 30,000 migrants under an agreement with the UN refugee agency UNHCR and the AU.

The International Monetary Fund estimated that growth would remain around 8% over the next two, three years, strengthened by, among other things, public investment.

Save the Children praised Rwanda for advances in children's health since 2000. The number of children dying before the age of 5 has decreased by 79%. More children attend school and fewer marry before the age of 18, according to the Global Childhood Report.

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