Turkmenistan. According to
CountryAAH, President Gurbanguli Berdimuchammedov and
Afghan President Ashraf Ghani signed a strategic partnership
agreement in February. This happened at a meeting in the
capital Ashgabat. Berdimuchammedov then offered to negotiate
peace with the Taliban movement in Afghanistan.
In March, Reporters Without Borders demanded that the
authorities in Turkmenistan cease to harass independent
journalists, such as Soltan Achilova, who, among other
things, received a travel ban and was arrested several
In April, the first spade days were taken in the
construction of a new city outside the capital Ashgabad.
According to the president, the city will have 70,000
residents and will have residential buildings, public
buildings, sports arenas and museums as well as an
international college for horse breeding. The city has not
received a name yet, but since it is in the president's home
province, it will probably be named after him.
At the end of August, the president appeared in public
for the first time since early July. Persistent rumors from
the opposition of his death turned out to be greatly
exaggerated. Berdimuchammedov then spoke at an economic
forum on the Caspian Sea in the city of Avaza, where the
heads of government of the Russian Federation, Azerbaijan
and Kazakhstan as well as Iran's vice president attended.
Ashgabat, Russian Ashkhabad, capital of Turkmenistan; 1.03 million in 2012
(2012). The city was founded in 1881 as a Russian fortress city, and until 1924
it was the regional center of the autonomous Soviet Republic of Turkestan,
1919-27 under the name Poltoratsk.
Ashgabat is located in the southern edge of the Karakah desert near the Iran
border in a very hot and dry climate. The Karakum Canal has provided the city
with fresh water from the Amu Darja River since 1962. Ashgabat has a significant
industrial sector, science academy, university and other colleges. desert
research institutes and earthquake-proof building construction; after an
earthquake in 1948, virtually the entire city had to be rebuilt.
Ashgabad today is characterized by monumental buildings and monuments in
large park facilities. The Oguzkhan Palace (built 1997 and 2011) houses the
President's residence; the 211 m high Turkmenistan Tower and the 185 m high
Constitution Tower (both erected 2008-11) are the city's tallest buildings. The
National Museum of Turkmen Rugs, opened in 1994, contains a very large
collection of Turkmen rugs, including some of the world's largest hand knotted