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Yearbook 2019

2019 YemenYemen. According to the organization Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project, since 2015 the civil war in Yemen has harvested 91,600 casualties. By mid-June, 11,900 had died just this year, but not all those who die due to malnutrition or illness, including cholera, have not been included. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), by mid-June, 725,000 people had contracted this disease so far this year. Of these, more than 1,100 died. Nearly one-third of those affected are children under five, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Aid (OCHA). During the year it was also found that almost half a million children were life-threatening malnourished and that over two million were counted as acutely malnourished.

2019 Yemen

According to CountryAAH, the peace plan outlined at the Peace Conference in Sweden in December 2018 led to a ceasefire, albeit a fragile one, and in early February, talks between the parties continued, this time under the leadership of the outgoing chief of UN Yemen Observers, Patrick Cammaert. Because no country could be agreed to hold the meeting, the talks took place aboard a ship in the Red Sea. The crucial issue concerned the strategically important port city of al-Hudayda. This is where most of the international relief efforts come. Prison exchange was also on the agenda. A few weeks later, an agreement was reached that and how troops from both sides would be withdrawn at al-Hudayda. In the first instance, military forces would be moved not only from the ports in the al-Hudayda area but also from areas where there are facilities for humanitarian aid. In May, the Huthira rebels began their retreat from al-Hudayda.

In August, new fighting erupted when separatist forces, previously fought side by side with the government troops, entered the presidential palace in the temporary capital of Aden. The internationally recognized government has its seat there, but Yemen's President Abd Rabbuh Mansur al-Hadi is in Saudi Arabia, and the palace was virtually empty and therefore no opposition was offered. The Saudi-led coalition immediately went into counter-attack, and a week later, the separatist forces had withdrawn, for another week later having regained full control of the city.

In early November, the government and separatists, ie representatives of South Yemen, signed an agreement that would put an end to the conflict and civil war in the country. The agreement, which had been drawn up by Saudi Arabia and was therefore renamed the Riyadh agreement, aimed at simply ending the conflict between the parties and subordinating their combined military forces to the Yemeni defense and home ministries. Two weeks later, Yemen's Prime Minister Muin Abd al-Malik Said and four other ministers were able to return from Riyadh to Aden. However, President Abd Rabbuh Mansur al-Hadi remained in Saudi Arabia. This meant that towards the end of the year, there was once again only one enemy of the Saudi-backed and internationally recognized government, the Shiite Muslim Huthirbels with support from Iran.

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