Bahrain. In order to protect merchant vessels in the Persian Gulf, a US-led naval force was formed during the year with, among others, Australia, Saudi Arabia and the United Kingdom. In November, the business started. The US has a naval base in Bahrain and this is meant to constitute a port of escort of endangered merchant vessels through the Strait of Hormuz. It was during the summer that Iran seized several vessels, leading to demands, mainly from the United States, on protecting these vessels.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of BHR in general and in geography as Bahrain in particular.
Reporters Without Borders reported in April in its Freedom of Press Index that Bahrain is among the countries that are at the bottom when it comes to freedom of expression and press – along with Djibouti and Eritrea, among others. Some examples: At the beginning of the year, the lifetime sentence for Ali Salman, former opposition leader in the banned al-Wifaq party, was set; in February, judges were set against relatives of human rights activist Sayed Ahmed Alwadaei; in March, one of the founders of the banned al-Waad secular party, Ibrahim Sharif, was sentenced to six months imprisonment for badly tweeting about Sudan’s leader Omar al-Bashir (in Bahrain one must not “publicly insult” another country’s leader); In May, the death sentences were set against two Shi’ite activists accused of terrorist offenses – they were later executed in late July. Human rights organizations accuse Bahrain’s authorities of forcing torturers to confess through torture. It is mainly Shia Muslims who are affected in the Sunni kingdom.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Bahrain in 2019 was 1,641,061, ranking number 152 in the world. The population growth rate was 4.570% yearly, and the population density was 2159.4368 people per km2.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
Island state located in the Arabian Gulf, between Saudi Arabia and Qatar. At the 2001 census, the population of the archipelago was 650. 604 residents, Including 4053 resident abroad, and equal to 727,000 residents according to 2005 estimates. For the 64 % Arab, it is predominantly urban and has a modern network of services. At the same census, the capital al-Manāma numbered 153. 395 residents, While none of the other important cities exceeded 100. 000 residents.
The progressive depletion of oil and natural gas reserves was offset by a strengthening of the capital-intensive industry (the most active branches are the chemical, petrochemical, metallurgical and shipbuilding industries), which attracted large foreign investments: between 1992 and 2001 exports of non-petroleum products increased by 125 % and in 2002 accounted for over 7 % of total exports. The service sector is also growing. The capital was confirmed as one of the main financial centers in the Gulf, surpassing the emirate of Dubai, while tourism received a strong boost from the creation of a Formula 1 Grand Prixdel Bahrain, included in the international circuit, the first edition of which took place in April 2004. As part of the development of the new port and industrial complex of Hidd, the government announced in 2003 the creation of the first free zone in the country.