Costa Rica 2019
Costa Rica. During the year, the government was subjected to a series of protests against proposals aimed at boosting economic growth. In August and September, the teachers’ unions organized major protests in the capital, San José, against the government’s proposal to restrict the right to strike in certain key sectors, such as health care and schooling, and Education Minister Edgar Mora was forced to resign. At the same time, health care workers were striking in protest of the tax reform, including a tax increase, which the government managed to vote in Congress as a result of an agreement with the opposition in December 2018, and transport workers blocked roads around the country for the same reason.
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Furthermore, the high unemployment rate and rising cost of living overshadowed the success that President Carlos Alvarado, after all, noted during the year. The tax reform, for example, was a great cross-party success that several of his predecessors tried to implement, as well as the fact that the number of homicides in the country fell for the first time in five years. The latter was attributed to 30 successful “mega operations” by the police against organized crime.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Costa Rica in 2019 was 5,047,450, ranking number 120 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.960% yearly, and the population density was 98.8555 people per km2.