Honduras. President Juan Orlando Hernández was involved in a scandal involving his brother Juan Antonio “Tony” Hernández. The brother was sentenced in a US court in October on four charges, one of which involved cocaine smuggling to the United States. The court jury also found that millions of dollars from drug trafficking were injected into President Hernández’s party Nationalist Party to fund election campaigns as far back as 2009, claims the president called “absurd”.
The verdict came in the middle of an already complicated context. Protests against the president’s plans to privatize the health and education sectors had been ongoing since April, and several human rights organizations, including Amnesty International, pleaded for brutal repression in connection with it. In December, the mandate of the anti-corruption commission Maccih, supported by the Inter-American cooperative organization OAS, expired, and doubts were expressed about the president’s willingness to extend it. The same month, Congress decided that a new criminal law would come into force with a six-month delay, only in May 2020. Several heavyweight organizations, such as the Inter-American Human Rights Commission (IACHR) and the UN Human Rights Agency OHCHR, expressed concern about several parts of the new law, which included shorter prison sentences for drug smuggling and new felony convictions.
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Under the influence of the northeast trade winds, the country has a tropical climate. The south of the country and the mountain slopes are very rainy (2,500mm). Precipitation decreases in the south to 1,000mm per year. The north of the country is frequently hit by cyclones. Temperatures in the capital are between 19 ° C and 23 ° C.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Honduras in 2019 was 9,746,006, ranking number 93 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.650% yearly, and the population density was 87.1044 people per km2.
Population. – The population which in the 1940 census was 1,109,833 residents, Distributed in the various departments according to the data in the attached table, in that of 1945 it increased to 1,200,542 residents, Showing an average annual percentage increase of 1, 6%. The largest city is Tegucigalpa, the state capital, which, according to the 1945 census, has a population of 65,000.
Economic resources. – The main product remains that of bananas, grown mainly on the Atlantic coast and destined almost entirely for export (the spread of a disease threatened the destruction of the plantations, which only effective chemical preparations allowed to save: in any case from 3.168.000 q. in 1939 the production fell in 1945 to 2,949,500 q.). The extent of the other crops remained unchanged. Mineral resources gave 68,200 kg in 1946-47. of silver (against 92,800 in 1943) and 405 kg. of gold (gold sand; against 628 in 1943). The trade in 1943-44 had a value of 26,696,014 lempiras import and 18,925,065 lempiras export.
Communications. – The most used means of transport for both passengers and goods is the airplane; the railways, underdeveloped and used almost exclusively for plantations, have a length of about 1500 km. However, by virtue of the completion (in 1943) of the Pan-American carriage road through its territory, the Honduras it is connected with the road systems of Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua.
Finance. – The balance sheet data from 1940-41 to 1946-47 are shown below:
At 30 June 1946 the external public debt amounted to 2.7 and the internal debt to 10.7 million lempiras. The gold standard of the lempira, communicated to the International Monetary Fund, is 0.444335 fine grams. As of June 30, 1948, the country’s official reserves in gold and currencies amounted to 4.6 million and circulation to 15.2 million. At December 31, 1947, the total of deposits with the two banks of issue was 12.2 million lempiras.