Jamaica. In January, Prime Minister Andrew Holness gave a speech promising that the Alternative Development Program (ADP) would begin during the year. The program aims to help small-scale cannabis growers transition from illegal to legal cultivation. This will be done, among other things, by becoming licensed suppliers to the emerging industry that produces cannabis for medical use.
In November, Holness made a state visit to China, where he met with both President Xi Jinping and Prime Minister Li Keqiang. During the visit, an agreement was reached on a new strategic framework for cooperation between the countries. Increased trade will be the focus, especially exports from Jamaica to China. Among other things, the already started export of live lobster should be supplemented with a permit to export frozen lobster. The Jamaican government’s pledge to reduce government debt meant that new loans were not on the tap, which will affect future infrastructure projects.
At the end of May, one of the country’s heaviest politicians, Edward Seaga, passed away. Seaga, who represented Liberal Jamaica’s workers’ party, was prime minister in 1980-89 and opposition leader in 1974-80 and 1989-2005.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of JAM in general and in geography as Jamaica in particular.
Area: 10,991 km2 (world ranking: 161)
Population density: 263 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 136)
Official languages: English
Gross domestic product: 14.8 billion US $; Real growth: 0.5%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 4750 US $
Currency: 1 Jamaican dollar (J $) = 100 cents
Schmargendorfer Str. 32, 12159 Berlin
Telephone 030 85994511,
Fax 030 85994540
Head of State: Elizabeth II, Head of Government: Andrew Holness, Appearance: Kamina Johnson-Smith
National holiday: 6.8.
State and form of government
Constitution of 1962
Parliamentary monarchy (in the Commonwealth)
Parliament: House of Representatives with 63 members, election every 5 years; Senate (Senate) with 21 appointed for 5 years Member.
Voting age 18 years
last 2011 census. 2,697,983 residents
over 90% of African descent, minorities European, Indian and Chinese origin
Cities (with population): (as of 2011) Kingston 584,627 pop., Portmore 182,153, Spanish Town 147,152, Montego Bay 110,115, May Pen 61,548
Religions: especially Protestants (26% Church of God, 12% Adventists, 11% Pentecostals, 7% Baptists, 4% other Protestants), 3% Anglicans, 2% Catholics, 2% United Church, 2% Jehovah’s Witnesses, 1% Rastafaris, minorities by Muslims, Hindus, Jews, and Baha’i; 21% without religion or k. A. (Status: 2006)
Languages: English; Creole
Workers by economic sector: Agriculture. 19%, industry 15%, business 66% (2017)
Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 12.5%
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 4.4%
Foreign trade: Import: 5.7 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 1.3 billion (2017)
According to CountryAAH, the population of Jamaica in 2019 was 2,948,168, ranking number 138 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.460% yearly, and the population density was 272.2326 people per km2.