Jordan. Since the border with Syria was opened in October 2018, more than 150,000 Syrian refugees have returned home. A total of 650,000 Syrians in Jordan have been granted refugee status by the UN. Since the civil war in Syria broke out in 2011, Jordan has received 1.3 million Syrians. Prime Minister Omar al-Razzaz was forced during the year to reform the government on two occasions (May and November). This is the fourth time this has happened since he took office in 2018.
The 25-year lease agreement with Israel on agricultural land in Jordan expired in November. The agreement had been concluded in connection with the 1994 peace deal, but in October 2018, Jordan’s King Abdullah announced that he had no intention of extending it. This means that Israeli farmers are now being shut out of the two enclaves that are on the border with Israel, proof that relations with Israel continue to be poor.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of JOR in general and in geography as Jordan in particular.
Relations with Iraq got better. In January, King Abdullah visited the country since Iraqi President Barham Salih visited Jordan in the fall of 2018. King Abdullah’s visit to Iraq was the first in over ten years. In February, imports of oil from Iraq resumed. So far with the help of tank cars from Kirkuk. In 2013, the two countries had agreed on a 170-mile oil pipeline between Basra and Aqaba, but after the Islamic State’s (IS) progress, the plans were shredded. According to information from the Jordanian point, the oil pipeline will now be built. Jordan is also part of the regional cooperation on gas extraction that came to fruition in February. Then the Eastern Mediterranean gas forum was formed together with Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Israel, Italy and Palestine.
A teacher strike in September stopped one month’s teaching for 1.4 million students in 4,000 state schools. After the promise of increased salaries, the teachers returned to work in early October.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Jordan in 2019 was 10,101,583, ranking number 89 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.370% yearly, and the population density was 113.7834 people per km2.
Area and population. – Following the Arab-Israeli war of 1948, the sovereignty of the kingdom of Transjordan (see App. II, 11, p. 1059) extended to the west of the Jordan-Dead Sea depression on a large strip of Palestinian territory including almost all of Samaria, part of Judea, including the ancient part of the city of Jerusalem and part of ancient Idumea. In total, Transjordan gained over 6,600 km 2 of territory, whose surface today amounts to 96,622 km 2, including the Jordanian section of the Dead Sea (740 km 2). However, the increase in population was disproportionate to the territorial growth. In addition to the 400,000 residents about who populated the acquired territory W of the Jordan, it is estimated in fact about half a million people, mostly Arabs, are sheltered in Jordan from Israeli territory, so that the Jordanian population almost quadrupled in the decade following 1948, amounting in the 1958 to 1,606,746 residents. The original population of Transjordan constituted a sufficiently homogeneous whole from both an ethnic and religious point of view and to a large extent also social, even though there was discrimination between residents nomads and sedentaries. The massive immigration flow, on the other hand, brought people very different in origins and in social and economic evolution. In particular the insertion of a considerable number of socially advanced elements, dedicated to commercial activities, accustomed to city life, came to insert themselves in a backward economic world, in a society founded on agriculture and nomadism and certainly not prepared for such a radical change in their own structure. A first reflection on the forms of the settlement can be seen in the rapid, exceptional development of the capital ‛Ammān, which from 30,000 residents in 1948 it rose to 103,000 residents in 1952 and over 200,000 in 1957. A first reflection on the forms of the settlement can be seen in the rapid, exceptional development of the capital ‛Ammān, which from 30,000 residents in 1948 it rose to 103,000 residents in 1952 and over 200,000 in 1957. A first reflection on the forms of the settlement can be seen in the rapid, exceptional development of the capital ‛Ammān, which from 30,000 residents in 1948 it rose to 103,000 residents in 1952 and over 200,000 in 1957.