Jordan. Since the border with Syria was opened in October 2018, more than 150,000 Syrian refugees have returned home. A total of 650,000 Syrians in Jordan have been granted refugee status by the UN. Since the civil war in Syria broke out in 2011, Jordan has received 1.3 million Syrians. Prime Minister Omar al-Razzaz was forced during the year to reform the government on two occasions (May and November). This is the fourth time this has happened since he took office in 2018.
The 25-year lease agreement with Israel on agricultural land in Jordan expired in November. The agreement had been concluded in connection with the 1994 peace deal, but in October 2018, Jordan’s King Abdullah announced that he had no intention of extending it. This means that Israeli farmers are now being shut out of the two enclaves that are on the border with Israel, proof that relations with Israel continue to be poor.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of JOR in general and in geography as Jordan in particular.
Relations with Iraq got better. In January, King Abdullah visited the country since Iraqi President Barham Salih visited Jordan in the fall of 2018. King Abdullah’s visit to Iraq was the first in over ten years. In February, imports of oil from Iraq resumed. So far with the help of tank cars from Kirkuk. In 2013, the two countries had agreed on a 170-mile oil pipeline between Basra and Aqaba, but after the Islamic State’s (IS) progress, the plans were shredded. According to information from the Jordanian point, the oil pipeline will now be built. Jordan is also part of the regional cooperation on gas extraction that came to fruition in February. Then the Eastern Mediterranean gas forum was formed together with Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Israel, Italy and Palestine.
A teacher strike in September stopped one month’s teaching for 1.4 million students in 4,000 state schools. After the promise of increased salaries, the teachers returned to work in early October.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Jordan in 2019 was 10,101,583, ranking number 89 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.370% yearly, and the population density was 113.7834 people per km2.