Lesotho. Prime Minister Tom Thabane’s position was questioned during the year – both by the opposition and by forces within his own party, the Allbasothian Convention (ABC). Parliament was kept up to date for several periods. The purpose, according to critics, was that Thabane wanted to prevent a vote of no confidence in him. The veteran politician was accused, among other things, of having his wife participate in government decisions.
Rival factions have been in open conflict since Deputy Party Chief Nqosa Mahao won a vote in February in which a number of Thabanetrogens were allowed to step down from leading positions.
Cyril Ramaphosa, president of the mighty neighboring South Africa, tried to persuade the rival parties to initiate talks and made an agreement in July.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of LSO in general and in geography as Lesotho in particular.
Like many of the neighboring countries in southern Africa, Lesotho was under pressure. The United Nations World Food Program, WFP, warned in September that a third of the rural population risked acute food shortages. The crisis was categorized as a third on the five-degree scale used by WFP and other aid organizations.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Lesotho in 2019 was 2,125,157, ranking number 147 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.800% yearly, and the population density was 70.0022 people per km2.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
Internal state of southern Africa. The significant presence of AIDS (in 2003 about 29 % of adults were affected) led to an increase in the mortality rates (25 ‰ in 2005) and infant mortality (84.2 ‰), which, together with emigration, caused a significant demographic decline (in the country there were 2,157,580 residents at the 2001 census and 1,867,000 at a 2005 estimate). Life expectancy at birth has also contracted somewhat, and there has been a substantial change in the composition of the population by age group (37 % are less than15 years, 58 % between 15 and 64, 5 % 65 and over). The country lives off the remittances of emigrants and the exploitation of water: the large artificial basin of Muela, inaugurated in 1998, ensures energy self-sufficiency and also supplies water for agricultural use to South Africa. However, the severe drought that hit the country between 2002 and 2004 had serious repercussions in particular on the agricultural sector, which was no longer able to ensure food self-sufficiency, and forced the public authorities to launch a emergency for a total of 10millions of dollars, to help the residents. The Italian economy is always burdened by heavy debt, and its accounts are conditioned by the increase in social spending, within the framework of the priorities established by the International Monetary Fund for a reduction of widespread poverty. The manufacturing sector is expanding and, in particular, the textile sector, where the number of workers, between 2000 and 2004, went from 16,000 to 50,000(mostly women). However, too low wages, the lack of health care and safety rules have led to the establishment of a difficult social climate, which discourages foreign investors. The production of diamonds appears to be discreet, thanks to which the contribution of the extractive sector to the formation of the GDP, which in the period 1996 – 97 had averaged 3 % per annum, rose in 2002 – 03 to 8.8 %.