Mali. On the first day of the year, 37 people were killed in a village in the Mopti region of central Mali. According to UN data, hunters from the Dogon population that attacked the villagers belonged to the livestock breeding fulani. The conflict, which already took place in 2018, concerns access to water and grazing. In March, another massacre was carried out at Fulani in the area. At least 160 people lost their lives. Among the dead, as was the case in January, there were many women and children. Most of the houses in the village were burnt down. The violence continued later in the year. In June, 35 people were killed by the dog when their village was attacked. The conflicts have worsened in recent years since Fulani-dominated jihadist movements began operations in the region with several hundred deaths from spring 2018. At least 150 children were killed in the first half of 2019.
Cissé took office as prime minister in mid-April. A few days earlier, the then Prime Minister Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga and his government had resigned when Maïga risked being cast in a vote of no confidence in Parliament. Confidence in the government fell after the Mopti massacre. Tens of thousands of people demonstrated in Bamako demanding that the violence be stopped. Before being appointed new head of government, Boubou Cissé was Minister of Finance.
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As in several neighboring countries, militant Islamists continued to pose a major threat in Mali. In September, at least 40 government soldiers were killed in attacks against two military facilities. A group that in English calls itself Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) assumed responsibility for the deed. Earlier in the month, 17 countries (the 15 members of the West African cooperation organization ECOWAS and Mauritania and Chad) agreed to jointly invest the equivalent of US $ 1 billion to fight the Islamist militia. The decision was made at a meeting in Burkina Faso’s capital Ouagadougou. Following the attack on the army bases, the military launched an offensive in the area in collaboration with Burkina Faso’s armed forces and French troops. In November, the Islamic State (IS) said it was behind an attack against an army posting in eastern Mali, near the Niger border.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Mali in 2019 was 19,657,920, ranking number 60 in the world. The population growth rate was 3.040% yearly, and the population density was 16.1106 people per km2.
Demography and economic geography. – Internal state of Northwest Africa. The population was 15,768,227 residents in 2014, according to an UNDESA (United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs), of which around 54% are under the age of 18. The annual population growth rate from 1990 to 2012 was approximately 2.8% and is expected to remain so over the next decade. This demographic growth is explained by a continuous and strong lowering of the mortality rate (from 31.8 ‰ in 1970 to 13 ‰ in 2013) and with a birth rate at the highest worldwide levels (47.1 ‰ in 2013). The Human Development Index places Mali in 182th place out of a total of 187 countries (United Nations Development Program, 2012). In 2012, about 50% of trade was in China alone, to which large quantities of cotton were exported, which remains a key resource for Mali.