Mexico. Despite President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s goal of combating crime through the formation of a 59,000-strong National Guard, crime statistics in Mexico’s long-violent violence continued to be alarming throughout the year. In July, it was reported that the number of murders in the first half of the year amounted to 17,138, an increase of 7.2% compared to the same period the year before, and only in June did 3,000 murders or 100 murders a day, the second highest monthly figure since statistics began to take place in 1997 The numbers indicated that 2019 would be the most violent year in Mexico’s history.
President López Obrador was also put under pressure by US President Donald Trump’s threat in late March to close the border between countries unless Mexico sharpened its efforts to prevent illegal immigration to the United States. In addition, Trump threatened to halt aid to El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, and in May he threatened with increased import duties by 5% on all Mexican imports. The US requirements included tougher border controls against Guatemala, where many of the migrants come from, and higher asylum reception. Analysts said that the main reason was Trump’s ambition to be re-elected in 2020, and that higher import duties and absent aid would lead to more, not less, illegal immigration to the United States because of the social consequences of corporate closures and unemployment, in both Mexico and the Central American countries.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of MEX in general and in geography as Mexico in particular.
At the same time, López Obrador’s coalition Together we make history (JHH) his first test since taking office in December 2018. Governor elections were held in the states of Puebla and Baja California, where the National Action Party (PAN) has long dominated, and JHH won them both. However, voter turnout was very low, only 30%, which reflected political leadership among voters rather than anything else. On the other hand, PAN won the majority in a few elections to state parliaments and municipalities held simultaneously in Tamaulipas, Aguascalientes and Durango.
In May 2016, the government passed a new law establishing special economic zones in the poor southern states. Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero account for 10% of the country’s population, but only 1 in every 36 pesos invested goes to these states.
In June, state elections were held in 12 states. The ruling PRI lost the governor post in 4 states and subsequently only sat on the post in 5 states. The other 7 states were won by PAN, in some cases in alliance with PRD. The anti-PRI alliance was a success despite the two dire parties. Despite the defeat, the PRI still held the governor post in 16 of the country’s 31 states.
The same month, the teachers’ union CNTE conducted protests and demonstrations against educational reform that would particularly affect rural teachers. The clashes became violent and in Oaxaca eight teachers were killed when police attacked a blockade. In May 2017, teachers of specifically Oaxaca resumed strikes and demonstrations against reform.
In the US, during the 2016 presidential election campaign, Donald Trump pitched on, among other things. to require the building of a wall between Mexico and the United States, with a view to halting immigration from Latin America to the United States. At the same time, Trump demanded that Mexico pay for the wall. In August, therefore, President Nieto invited Trump to visit Mexico. The visit was criticized in the Mexican media, and specifically that Nieto did not make it clear to Trump that Mexico would not pay the bill. Following Trump’s accession as President of the United States in January 2017, a Mexican state visit to the United States was scheduled, but when Trump again launched the idea of building a wall paid for by Mexico, the visit was canceled. The two presidents first met in Hamburg in July 2017.
Violence continued to rise. In the first 11 months of 2016, 36,056 killings were committed, up from 33,017 in 2015. At the same time, many were abducted or missing. At the end of 2016, that number was 29,917 people.
Due. During the economic and social crisis in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, there was a continued flow of refugees to the north. In 2015, Mexican immigration authorities arrested 20,000 unaccompanied children from these countries, and in the first 10 months of 2016, 14,000 were arrested.
In January 2017, gasoline prices rose by 20%. The rise in prices triggered demonstrations in many Mexican cities and in many places gas stations were attacked and gasoline stolen. After the first month, around 1,000 people were arrested for this type of theft. At the same time, the president’s popularity plummeted. From 23% in August 2016 to 12% in January 2017. Even lower than the newly appointed US President Donald Trump.
In September, the country was hit by two powerful earthquakes. At the beginning of the month, an earthquake in the Pacific triggered off the southern state of Chiapas. At least 98 were killed, 41,000 homes destroyed and $ 1.8 million. Mexicans were affected by the quake. Twelve days later, a quake struck Puebla, but the most serious injuries were in Mexico City. A total of 370 people were killed and over 6,000 injured. Many buildings that had survived the earthquake in 1985 collapsed because there was another type of quake.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Mexico in 2019 was 127,575,418, ranking number 10 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.100% yearly, and the population density was 65.6270 people per km2.