Namibia. In February, a Bible and a whip belonging to Hendrik Witbooi, who was one of the Nama people’s leaders in the fight against the German colonizers, were returned to Namibia. The objects were exhibited for a long time at the Linden Museum in Stuttgart. The German government has in recent years acknowledged that the Herero and Nama groups were genocide in 1904–05 but have so far refused to pay any damages. In March, the claim for German damages was also rejected by a US court.
In September, a first group of about 800 Namibian refugees from Botswana were deported. After fighting erupted in 1999 in the northeastern Caprivi Strip, where a separatist movement demanded independence, many fled to Botswana. The authorities there had now asked for the refugees to return to their home country by themselves, but these had refused for fear of being persecuted.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of NAM in general and in geography as Namibia in particular.
SWAPO made its worst election since the year before independence in 1990. Despite this, the party received 65.5% of the vote and 63 out of 104 seats. President Hage Geingob was also re-elected with much weaker support than SWAPO’s candidates previously received, 56% of the vote. Panduleni Itula, formerly a member of the ruling party and now running as an independent candidate, was supported by 29% of voters, many of them young people. He thus became the first candidate who does not represent SWAPO to receive more than 20% of the vote since 1994.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Namibia in 2019 was 2,494,419, ranking number 143 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.890% yearly, and the population density was 3.0299 people per km2.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
Southwestern African state. At the 2001 census the residents were 1,826,854, with a density, given the vastness of the territory, of just 2 residents per km 2. L ‘ 87.5 % of the population is black, mostly belonging to the Ovambo group, concentrated in the north of the country; the 6 % are white and another
The political stability of Namibia in the aftermath of its independence (1991) has favored the spread of a quality of life among the least disadvantaged on the African continent, even if the semi-nomadic populations of the interior are still excluded. In the period 1995-2004, GDP registered an annual increase of 3.4 %, while the population grew by 2.4 %. However, these good indicators are threatened by the spread of AIDS, which in 2006 affected more than a fifth of the adult population and which brought mortality beyond 18‰. Infant mortality (due to newborns who contracted the virus through the mother and fetus) began to rise again and life expectancy dropped to 44 years for men and 42 years for women (only ten years earlier they were 63 respectively. and 66 years). The main productive sectors are mineral resources, fishing and tourism. The former represent 70 % of exports; in particular, the country is a world leader in the production of high quality diamonds (30 % of the global one), extracted in the Auchas and Elizabeth Bay fields and in the sands of the coast, and one of the main world producers of uranium (in addition 2003). The third important economic activity is tourism, which, given the lack of infrastructure and transport costs, is still aimed at a medium-high market segment. The country, aware of the wealth represented by the natural environment, has adopted numerous measures for its defense, obtaining the approval of the UNDP (United Nations Development Program) in 2005. Few industries, linked only to mining and the food sector; consequently, for every other product, Namibia depends on the neighboring Republic of South Africa.