Nicaragua. President Daniel Ortega faced increasing international pressure following his July decision to interrupt the political dialogue with the opposition movement The Citizens Alliance for Justice and Democracy (ACJD), which intends to deal with the political crisis that has raged in the country since April 2018. The decision was criticized by the Inter-American Human Rights Commission IACHR, and the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLAC) warned that it would have adverse effects on the country’s economy by delaying investment. In August, ECLAC published a report showing a decrease of foreign direct investment in 2018 by 53% compared to the previous year. The worst affected were manufacturing industry and telecommunications. In total, the economy was estimated to shrink by 5% in 2019.
In March, the European Parliament called on other EU institutions to review the possibility of sanctions against people in Nicaragua’s leadership unless progress was made in talks with the opposition and the EU’s demands for transparency and dialogue were met. In October, the EU noted that the situation was virtually unchanged, and at the same time, the United States Cooperative Organization (OAS) announced that it was considering both sanctions and exclusion. Prior to that, President Ortega had refused an OAS commission to even enter the country. In October, new demonstrations started against the government’s human rights violations.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of NIC in general and in geography as Nicaragua in particular.
A week after Bolaños took office in January 2002, his predecessor Alemán was elected President of the National Assembly. The FSLN emigrated during the vote because, according to. they were an illegal election, as there was a constitutional change made during his reign. Shortly thereafter, Parliament refused to raise Alemán’s parliamentary immunity. The judiciary had otherwise requested him to be prosecuted for fraud against the state to the tune of 1.3 million. US $, embezzlement and criminal association.
In 2002, the Nicaraguan judiciary abandoned prosecuting President Ortega on the grounds that the case was outdated. His stepdaughter, Zoilamérica Narváez, had in 1998 brought charges against him for sexual assault and rape, but Ortega, then a parliamentarian, was protected by immunity. The following year, Narváez had the case brought before the Inter-American Human Rights Commission, which took the case because of negligence in the Nicaraguan judiciary.
In recent years, the number of street children has increased sharply in Nicaragua. In most cases, the children end up as criminals. Some of them are illegally arrested by the police, at the same time as single citizens and groups have declared that they will carry out “social cleanup” – ie. murder the children and young people as it happens in neighboring Honduras and Guatemala.
On December 7, 2003, President Alemán was sentenced to 20 years in house arrest and a fine of $ 17 million. US $ for various corruption cases, including the transfer of $ 100 million US $ in state funding for its political campaigns.
On December 17, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador signed an agreement with the United States on free trade, requiring the phasing-out and tariffs to be gradually phased out for agricultural products, industrially processed food, investment, services and intellectual services.
After meeting the terms of the debt repayment program for poor indebted countries, in January 2004, the World Bank returned 80% of Nicaragua’s $ 6.5 billion. US $ large foreign debt. Reimbursement requirements include: privatizations and the implementation of structural adjustment programs, but the critics of these argue that these initiatives have not led to an improvement in the social situation of the population. 50% of the population still do not have access to electricity or telecommunications, and the social reduction programs have only worsened the social situation of the population: public spending on health fell from US $ 50 per year. per capita in 1983 to US $ 16 in 2000, malnutrition and child mortality have risen, in 2003 there were 840,000 children who had no access to education and unemployment reached 13%.
In July, Nicaragua and Germany signed an agreement in Berlin on total debt repayment that had arisen in the 1980’s. This amounted to DKK 423 million. US $. Germany also committed a number of aid programs in 2004-05: DKK 28 million. US $ is allocated for local development and for a student and expert fund; 10 million US $ is provided in technical assistance to a number of other programs.
The November municipal elections allowed the FSLN to retain the mayor post in the capital Managua.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Nicaragua in 2019 was 6,545,391, ranking number 110 in the world. The population growth rate was 1.240% yearly, and the population density was 54.3917 people per km2.