Anglo-Saxon America consists of Canada and the United States, countries that stand out for their high development. Washington DC is the capital of United States and Ottawa is the capital of Canada.
Anglo-Saxon America is a region of the American continent formed by the United States and Canada. Although the term “Anglo-Saxon” refers to countries that have English as their official language, only the United States and Canada are considered part of this regionalization, since the unifying element is not the language, but the economic and socio-cultural characteristics. As the United States and Canada are the only developed countries in America and establish many relations between them, it was agreed to group them in a single region. The rest of the continent’s countries are part of Latin America, where underdevelopment and economic dependence predominate.
Unlike Latin America, where Spanish and Portuguese colonization of the type of exploitation predominated, the United States and Canada were colonized by France (part of Canada) and, mainly, by England, which developed a different colonization model than occurred in other countries. countries of America. In the so-called settlement colonization, which took place in these two nations, the metropolises encouraged the permanent settlement and development of the colony, as they believed that the more developed the colony, the greater their profit. Thus, large population groups migrated from Europe, driven mainly by the social, economic and religious problems of their country of origin and the great expectation of prosperity in this new land.
As these migrants had the intention of building a “new world”, a “new Europe”, it was necessary to create a series of infrastructures that would allow Europeans to live with a quality of life similar to that they had in Europe. As a result, the colonial period in the United States and Canada was marked by great commercial and manufacturing economic development. Although part of the profit from economic activities went to the colonizers, another part of that money was invested in the development of the colony itself, with the creation of roads, cities and the development of manufactures and production techniques that would guarantee a gradual increase in productivity.
The development of these infrastructures was fundamental to guarantee the political and economic autonomy of these countries after their independence, since, as they had an advanced economic and manufacturing development, these two countries had no difficulties to enter the world imperialist logic and to industrialize without depend on foreign capital or technology. As a result, these two nations developed rapidly, becoming great economic and military powers.
Currently, with a GDP of around 17 trillion dollars, the United States is the largest economic and military power in the world, exerting a great influence in most countries on the globe, mainly in Latin America. Canada now ranks 10th in the ranking of the world’s largest economic powers, with a GDP of almost 2 trillion dollars. The economy of the two countries that make up Anglo-Saxon America is based mainly on the development of industrial activities, with the use of a lot of technology, highly competitive and diversified, and in the services sector, mainly commerce, banks and tourism.
In some areas of the United States and Canada (in the great plains and in the US state of California), the primary sector is also strong. The United States stands out for its agricultural products, such as the highly industrialized production of wheat, corn and cotton, as well as the creation of pigs and cattle. Canada, on the other hand, due to the very cold climate of much of its territory, finds it difficult to produce agricultural products. Its production in the primary sector derives mainly from mineral extraction.
Due to the high degree of economic development in these countries, the standard of living of the population in Anglo-Saxon America is high. Together, the two powers have about 353 million inhabitants. Life expectancy is high, about 78¹ years in the United States and 81 years in Canada. Education levels are good, as about 99% of the Canadian and North American population is literate, and the average years of study is 12.4 years in the United States and 11.5 years in Canada. Health investments exceed 17% of these countries’ GDP. In addition, the American and Canadian labor force, due to the strong pressure from society, in most cases, is well paid.
|Country||Imports of goods (million US dollars)||Exports of goods (million US dollars)|
|Antigua and Barbuda||554 (2017)||208 (2017)|
|Bahamas||3 108 (2017)||570 (2017)|
|Barbados||1 687 (2013)||885 (2013)|
|Belize||896 (2018)||451 (2018)|
|Costa Rica||15 874 (2018)||11 477 (2018)|
|Dominica||174 (2017)||22 (2017)|
|Dominican Republic||20 209 (2018)||10 908 (2018)|
|El Salvador||10 671 (2018)||4 735 (2018)|
|Grenada||370 (2017)||35 (2017)|
|Guatemala||18 366 (2018)||11 079 (2018)|
|Haiti||4 484 (2018)||1,078 (2018)|
|Honduras||9 485 (2018)||4 405 (2018)|
|Jamaica||5,437 (2018)||1,895 (2018)|
|Canada||468 579 (2018)||451 613 (2018)|
|Mexico||464 850 (2018)||451 054 (2018)|
|Nicaragua||5,802 (2018)||4 169 (2018)|
|Panama||23 963 (2018)||14 753 (2018)|
|Saint Kitts & Nevis||310 (2017)||25 (2017)|
|Saint Lucia||576 (2017)||129 (2017)|
|St. Vincent & the Grenadines||290 (2017)||37 (2017)|
|Trinidad & Tobago||6 618 (2018)||10 311 (2018)|
|USA||2,561,666 (2018)||1 674 330 (2018)|
Central America’s relationship with the United States
Ever since the Spaniards returned home, the United States has wanted to have a finger in the game in Central America’s politics and economy. According to Countryaah, US trade barons established fruit orchards in many Central American countries and the US presence contributed in many places to stability and development. However, the Fruit Lords knew how to pay for their efforts and the term banana republic originated from the great power of the North American plantation owners in the countries. Ever since the end of the Second World War, the Central American countries have been trying to limit US power. However, the North American big brother is still the highest in the area and has interfered with both political problems and guerrilla warfare, which together with a limiting economy have kept many of the countries in a quagmire for many decades.