Republic of the Congo 2019
Congo. In April, the ban on the National Republican Council, the party led by Frédéric Bintsamou, was also called pastor Ntumi. He led the so-called Ninjamilis, which operated in the Pool region in the southern part of the country until 2018, when it dropped its weapons.
In July, Congo was granted loans of approximately US $ 400 million by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The money will be paid out over a three-year period and used to develop the country’s economy. Congo is almost entirely dependent on oil and has therefore been hit hard as world market prices have fallen. In return, the IMF wants to see, among other things, measures against corruption. The fact that this farce is a major problem in the country became clear in August. Data provided by the international organization Global Witness then showed that President Denis Sassou-Nguesso’s youngest son, Denis Christel Sassou-Nguesso, embezzled money equivalent to more than SEK 500 million. The presidential zone should have used a complicated system of foreign companies for extensive money laundering.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of ROC in general and in geography as Republic of the Congo in particular.
Brazzaville, capital of the Congo; 1.82 million residents (2014). Brazzaville is located on the northern bank of the Congo River and is separated from Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of Congo by the 23-km-wide Stanley Pool. The town is named after Savorgnan de Brazza, who in 1880 obtained the right to the area; it was 1910-59 capital of French Equatorial Africa. During World War II, the Free French Forces had its headquarters here, and a conference on French colonial affairs was held in 1944 in the city.
The Congo River is not navigable on its lower course; therefore, in the 1920’s a railroad was built for the port city of Pointe-Noire.
Urban growth has been strong, and the city contains approximately 1 / 3 of the residents of Congo. Brazzaville is characterized by wide boulevards and green plants; even in the city’s business districts, Le Plateau and Le Plain, Brazzaville seems little urbanized; however, the city has the 106-meter-high skyscraper Tour Nabemba (formerly Tour Elf; 1986). Another landmark for the city is the Great Basilique St. Anne from 1949. The city’s art school in the Poto-Poto neighborhood has won international reputation with a special style in contemporary African art. West of the city, the rivers Djoué and Congo meet in the famous waterfalls, Les Rapides du Djoué. There is lively, both legal and illegal traffic between the two capitals on either side of Stanley Pool. During the unrest in Kinshasa many residents have been evacuated to Brazzaville.
Developments in Brazzaville have been marked by the political unrest in the country. For a long period of time it has in fact been divided between more or less private militias, organized by ethnic groups or political parties. In the 1990’s, there were real civil wars in the city with thousands killed and hundreds of thousands fled.
According to CountryAAH, the population of Republic of the Congo in 2019 was 5,380,397, ranking number 118 in the world. The population growth rate was 2.600% yearly, and the population density was 15.7555 people per km2.
Despite the progressive liberalization of the economy inside and outside the country, the general conditions of the population seem to have substantially worsened over the last decade. Despite this, or rather precisely as a consequence, the rate of demographic growth remains among the highest in the world, just as the relative densification of the population continues along the course of the Congo River and in particular in the capital and its immediate surroundings, which they host well over a third of the total residents of the country. These live in environmental conditions that are anything but satisfactory and with little or no prospects for integration into the production system, which is very weak in the capital itself; the urban layout of Brazzaville appears to be typical of Third World cities, with extensive outskirts of slums, little or no provision of services, modest (and often informal) economic activities, with the exception of the bureaucratic sector privileged by political power. The overall population density remains low and decreases sharply as we proceed towards the internal forest region, where the rural settlements, practically abandoned during the 1970s and 1980s, have not recovered either population or production capacity.