Samoa. During the fall, Samoa suffered a measles epidemic. By December, some 70 people had died, over 60 of whom were children. Almost 4,700 cases had been registered, but 90% of them were vaccinated by about 200,000 residents. The reason for the epidemic is, according to the UN, a widespread resistance to vaccines – only 30% of the island’s population was vaccinated before the outbreak, then became mandatory.
- ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of ASM in general and in geography as Samoa in particular.
Prime Minister Tuila’epa Sailele Malielegaoi believes the outbreak will have far-reaching consequences in having to “strengthen the culture to accept vaccination to create ‘flock immunity’. It is a painful lesson from the current crisis. ”
According to CountryAAH, the population of Samoa in 2019 was 196,986, ranking number 188 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.490% yearly, and the population density was 69.6456 people per km2.
State of Oceania, in Polynesia, comprising the two largest of the Samoa Islands, Savai’i and ‘ Upolu, and some islets. Until 1997 the state name was Western Samoa.
The population, mainly concentrated in ‘Upolu, grew rapidly until the 1970s (annual growth rate of around 3%), then growth slowed down considerably (+ 1.3% in 2009). Generalized poverty, resulting from the persistence for a long time of colonial conditions (although Samoa was one of the first countries of Oceania to achieve independence) and the scarcity of natural resources, annually pushes a large number of Samoans to leave the country to emigrate to nearby American Samoa (where they work mainly in the fishing sector), to New Zealand and, to a lesser extent, to Australia and the United States. The only urban center of some importance is the capital Apia (37,237 residents in 2006), on the island of ‘Upolu. Prevailing religion is the Protestant one.
- Economic conditions
Agriculture is the main activity, based on the cultivation of coconut palm, cocoa, sugar cane, bananas, and on the cutting of timber. The secondary sector was very modest, consisting of small food industries, with the sole exception of a Japanese factory of spare parts for motor vehicles. Tourism and offshore financial activities are on the rise.