Sights of Hungary
According to Paradisdachat.com, the capital of Hungary, Budapest, is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The mountainous, right-bank part of the capital, Buda, contrasts vividly with flat Pest. The wooded crown of Buda with its royal palace, the fortress of Mount Gellert, small houses and villas, immersed in gardens on the hillsides, fascinates with its beauty.
One of the main local attractions is the Matthias Church (XIII century), which became the wedding place and the burial place of many Hungarian kings. The decoration of Budapest is the Danube with its openwork bridges. In the North-Western region of Hungary, the city of Eger is located – one of the most beautiful Hungarian cities with baroque architecture. In the Middle Ages, the Eger fortress, now turned into a museum, gained fame during the struggle against the Turkish conquerors.
In the north of the country are located the mountain range of the Visegrad Mountains. At their foot are two ancient royal residences – Esztergom and Visegrad. The city of Szekesfehervar is known as the place where more than 30 Hungarian kings were crowned during the Middle Ages. 15 kings were later buried in Szekesfehervar. The basilica, where the Hungarian kings are buried, is located in the center of the historical park, where excavations continue to this day. Bori Castle is located in the northeastern part of the city. The defensive walls and watchtowers of the castle are well preserved.
Among the main museums of the country are especially distinguished:
- – The National Historical Museum of Hungary with a rich collection of exhibits of Magyar history dating back to the 9th century (located in Budapest)
- – Hungarian Art Museum, located in Budapest.
- – Hungarian National Museum of Natural History, located in Budapest.
- – Museum of the city of Szekesfehervar with the richest collection of antique exhibits from the period of the Roman Empire
- – Museum of the city of Szolnok, famous for its rich collection of archaeological exhibits.
- – The Museum of the city of Miskolc, known for one of the best collections of exhibits of Scythian culture and objects of the Bronze Age.
Other attractions include:
- – the resort region of Lake Balaton
- – mineral springs and a spa near the city of Esztergom
- – the world-famous Tokaj wines from Tokaj
Among the architectural monuments are:
- – in Budapest, a palace complex with a temple in the Gothic style in Buda; parliament building (1896)
- – in the city of Pec: a cathedral of the 11th century, two Turkish mosques
- – in Shombateli: the remains of an ancient Roman settlement; episcopal palace of the 18th century
- – in Szekesfehervar: 18th century cathedral on the foundations of an 11th century church
- – in the city of Esztergom: the largest cathedral in the country, the dome of the cathedral repeats the shape of the dome of the basilica of St. Peter in Rome; the cathedral houses a cross given to King Stephen I (Saint) by Pope Sylvester II in the 10th century
- – in Szeged: tower of the XIII century; large cathedral with two spiers
- – in the city of Debrecen: a Protestant temple, in which in 1849 the independence of Hungary from the Habsburg Empire was proclaimed