Taiwan 2019

Yearbook 2019

Taiwan. At the beginning of the year, Chinese President Xi Jinping gave a speech in which he described it as inevitable for Taiwan to reunite with Mainland China. According to Xi, Taiwan should be included in China under the principle of “one country, two systems”, similar to Hong Kong, and China is willing to use any means to achieve this goal. Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen appealed a few days later to the outside world for support for the country’s sovereignty. An opinion poll presented a week later showed that over 80% of Taiwan’s population is negative about a reunification with China.

In January, the ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) elected a new party leader. President Tsai resigned from this post after DPP backed heavily in the local elections in the fall of 2018. New party leader became Cho Jung-tai. In the same month, the Prime Minister’s post also changed. Lai Ching-te had already stated that he would resign as a consequence of the 2018 election results. However, Tsai Ingwen herself did not give up, but announced in March that she intends to run for re-election in the 2020 presidential election. located in the southern part of the country. He won the Nationalist Party’s primary election in July and thus became its presidential candidate. He Kuo-yu is described as populist, with improved relations to Beijing as one of his promises. An October poll showed that support for Tsai Ing-wen had increased and was at 50% compared to 38% for Han Kuo-yu. It was considered that the ongoing protests in Hong Kong favored the incumbent president and her attitude in relation to mainland China.

In May, Parliament voted in favor of a law that makes same-sex relationships legally recognized. Gay couples should now be able to apply for marriage registration. Taiwan thus became the first country in Asia to allow same-sex marriage. As recently as November, a referendum was held in which a majority said no to marriage between people of the same sex. However, in 2017 the country’s constitutional court ruled that same-sex marriage must be approved and the government now solved the issue by proposing a special law in this area.

  • ABBREVIATIONFINDER.ORG: Click to see the meanings of 3-letter acronym and abbreviation of TWN in general and in geography as Taiwan in particular.

Country data

Area: 36,197 km2 (world rank: 134)

Population: 23,540,000

Population density: 650 per km2 (as of 2017, world rank: 56)

Capital: Taibei (Taipei)

Official languages: Chinese (Putonghua)

Gross domestic product: 572.8 billion US $; Real growth: 2.9%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 24,984 US$

Currency: 1 New Taiwan dollar (NT $) = 100 cents


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Telephone 030 203610,
Fax 030 20361101

Head of State: Tsai Ing-wenChen Chien-jen, Head of Government: Lai Ching-te, Exterior: Jaushieh Wu

National holiday: 10.10. (Uprising v. Wuchang 1911)

Administrative structure
6 direct government and 3 independent cities, 13 districts

State and form of government
Constitution of 1947
Parliamentary Republic
Parliament: Legislative Council (Li Fa Yuan) with 113 members, election every 4 years
Direct election of the head of state every 4 years (single re-election) Right to
vote from 20 years.

Population: Taiwanese, last census 2010: 23,162,123 residents,
predominantly Han Chinese (70% South Fujianese, 15% Hakka, 13% so-called mainland Chinese immigrated after 1949), 2% Malaio- polynes. Native people (11 ethnic groups: 38% Ami, 23% Atayal, 18% Paiwan etc.)

Cities (with population): (As of 2017) Xinbei (New Taipei) 3,986,689 pop., Taizhong 2,787,070, Gaoxiong 2,776,912, Taibei (Taipei) 2,683,257 (A 6.9 million), Taoyuan 2,188,017, Tainan 1,886. 522

Religions: 35% Buddhists, 33% Daoists, 4% Yiguan Daoists, 3% Christians; Confucianism widespread (as of 2006)

Languages: Chinese (based on the dialect of Beijing), Min (southern Fujian dialect), Hakka; Languages ​​of the indigenous people

Employed by economic sector: Agriculture. 5%, industry 35%, business. 60% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of the labor force)
2017: 3.8%

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 0.6%

Foreign trade: Import: 259.5 billion US $ (2017); Export: 317.4 billion US $ (2017)

Population 2019

According to CountryAAH, the population of Taiwan in 2019 was 23,773,765, ranking number 56 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.200% yearly, and the population density was 671.3888 people per km2.

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